Competition between US- and China-based cloud infrastructure service providers is intensifying amid escalating trade tensions between the two countries. Tariffs on US imports into China are being used to ensure bilateral engagements take place and pressure China to agree to the United States’ demands. These include opening Chinese markets to US companies, and to removing requirements for IP and technology transfer. The United States Trade Representative highlighted the cloud computing sector as a case in point in the findings of its investigation into China earlier in March. The report stated that US cloud providers were forced to sell data center assets to local Chinese partners under the China Telecommunications Regulation to continue operating in the country.
“US- and China-based cloud infrastructure service providers currently dominate their respective domestic markets, which is unlikely to change anytime soon in the current political climate,” said Canalys Research Analyst Daniel Liu. “But competition between the two groups of providers is growing in other regions, including parts of Europe, the Middle East, Africa and ASEAN, as they expand their data center regional footprints.”
The Nordics is a new battleground, with data center regions being built in Sweden by AWS and in Norway by Microsoft Azure. Alibaba Cloud announced its second region in Europe, with data centers in London, as well as a greater presence in France and Sweden. New regions are being built in Bahrain and the UAE by AWS and Microsoft to compete with Alibaba, which opened in Dubai in 2016. Huawei Cloud plans to enter South Africa, where Microsoft is currently growing its presence. Competition in the ASEAN region is also increasing, with Huawei Cloud launching in Thailand, and Google Cloud entering Indonesia following Alibaba Cloud’s move earlier in the year.
“The expansion of US- and China-based cloud infrastructure service providers is part of a wider technology arms race between the two countries, as part of efforts to increase their economic and political influence,” Liu added. “In addition to building the largest and most scalable cloud platforms, both countries are competing to be the first to roll out 5G networks and build exascale supercomputers. The winner is likely to have the best artificial intelligence, cyber-security and military technologies.”